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Henri Duparc

Henri Duparc
Henri Duparc
Henri Duparc (composer)
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
This article is about the composer. For the film director, see Henri Duparc (director).

Henri Duparc in 1880.
Henri Duparc (Eugne Marie Henri Fouques Duparc) (January 21, 1848 February 12, 1933) was a French composer of the late Romantic period.


Duparc was born in Paris. He studied piano with Csar Franck at the Jesuit College in the Vaugirard district and became one of his first composition pupils. Following military service in the Franco-Prussian War, he married Ellen MacSwinney, from Scotland, on November 9, 1871. In the same year, he joined with Saint-Sans and Romain Bussine to found the Socit Nationale de Musique Moderne.
Duparc is best known for his seventeen mlodies ("art songs") with texts by poets such as Baudelaire, Gautier, Leconte de Lisle, and Goethe. These pieces are considered by many to be among the greatest compositions by any composer in this form.
A mental illness, called "neurasthenia", caused him to abruptly cease composing at age 37, in 1885. He devoted himself to his family and his other passions, drawing and painting. However, he began losing his vision after the turn of the century, which eventually led to complete blindness. He destroyed most of his music, leaving fewer than 40 works to posterity. In a poignant letter about the destruction of his incomplete opera written on January 19, 1922 to the composer Jean Cras, his close friend, Duparc states:
Aprs avoir vcu 25 ans dans un splendide rve, toute ide de reprsentation m'tait je vous le rpte devenue odieuse. L'autre motif de cette destruction, que je ne regrette pas, c'est la complte transformation morale que Dieu a opr en moi il y a 20 ans et qui en une seule minute a abolie toute ma vie passe. Ds lors, la Roussalka n'ayant aucun rapport avec ma vie nouvelle ne devait plus exister.
(Having lived 25 years in a splendid dream, the whole idea of [musical] representation has become I repeat to you repugnant. The other reason for this destruction, which I do not regret, was the complete moral transformation that God imposed on me 20 years ago and which, in a single minute, obliterated all of my past life. Since then, [my opera] Roussalka, not having any connection with my new life, should no longer exist.)

He spent most of his remaining life in La Tour-de-Peilz, near Vevey, Switzerland and died in Mont-de-Marsan, in southwest France, at age 85.
Duparc is buried at Pre Lachaise Cemetery in Paris. A square in the 17th arrondissement of Paris, near the rue de Levis, is named in his honor.

Duparc at age 10,
in 1858.

Duparc in uniform during the Franco-Prussian War in 1870.

Henri Duparc
in middle age.


Catalogue of works by Henri Duparc
YearCompositionNotesType of Work
1863-65Six rveries, pour pianoPrinted, but unpublished. Private collection of Mme. d'Armagnac, granddaughter of Duparc.Piano solo
1867Sonate pour violoncelle et pianoPremiered in 1948. Private collection of Mme. d'Armagnac, granddaughter of Duparc.Cello & piano
1867-69Feuilles volantes, pour pianoPiano solo
1868Chanson tristePublished as: Op. 2, no. 4. Text by Jean Lahor.Voice & piano (Orchestrated, 1912)
1868LamentoText by Thophile Gautier.Voice & piano
1869Le galopPublished as: Op. 2, no. 5. Text by Sully Prudhomme. (Released in 1948).Voice & piano
1869Romance de MignonPublished as: Op. 2, no. 3. Text by Victor Wilder, based on « Kennst du das Land » by Goethe).Voice & piano
1869Srnade florentinePublished as: Op. 2, no. 2. Text by Jean Lahor.Voice & piano
1869SoupirPublished as: Op. 2, no. 1. Text by Sully Prudhomme. Revised 1902.Voice & piano
1869Cinq mlodies, op. 2Voice & piano
1869Beaulieu, pour pianoPrivate collection of Mme. d'Armagnac, granddaughter of Duparc.Piano solo
1869-70Au pays o se fait la guerreText by Thophile Gautier. (Original title: Absence). Definitive version, 1911-13.Voice & piano (Orchestrated, 1876)
1870L'Invitation au voyageText by Charles Baudelaire. Released in 1872.Voice & piano (Orchestrated, 1892-95)
1871La fuite, duo pour soprano et tnor avec pianoPublished as: Op. 2, no. 6.Duet for voice & piano
1871La vague et la clocheText by Franois Coppe. Released in 1873.Voice & piano (Orchestrated)
1872Suite d'orchestre(Lost).Orchestral suite
1872-82PhidylText by Leconte de Lisle. Released in 1889Voice & piano (Orchestrated, 1891-92)
1873Laendler, suite de valses pour orchestre(Destroyed).Orchestral suite
1873Laendler (version for two pianos)Two pianos
1874Pome nocturne :
I. Aux toiles - II. Lutins et follets - III. Duo: LaurorePart lost, only: I. Aux toiles is extant.
Premiered in Paris on April 11, 1874 at the Socit Nationale de Musique Moderne.Orchestral work
1874ElgieText by Ellen MacSwinny(?) (wife of Duparc) after Thomas Moore.Voice & piano
1874ExtaseText by Jean Lahor. Released 1882. Revised 1884.Voice & piano
1875LnoreBased on the ballad of the same name by Gottfried August Brger.Symphonic poem
1875Lnore (version for two pianos)transcription for 2 pianos (1884) by Camille Saint-SansTwo pianos
1876-84La vie anterieureText by Charles Baudelaire.Voice & piano (Orchestrated, 1911-12)
1877Suite pour le piano(Lost).Piano solo
1879Le manoir de RosemondeText by Robert de BonniresVoice & piano (Orchestrated, 1912)
1879-95Roussalka, opra en trois actesUnfinished. Based on (Rusalka), a dramatic poem by Alexander Pushkin. (Destroyed, except for "Absence" republished as "Au pay o se fait la guerre").Opera in 3 acts
1880SrnadeText by Gabriel Marc. Released 1882.Voice & piano
1882Benedicat vobis DominusMotet for three mixed voices and organ (or piano).Choral music
1883TestamentText by Paul Armand Silvestre. Released in 1898.Voice & piano (Orchestrated, 1900-02)
1884La vie antrieureText by Charles Baudelaire.Voice & piano (Orchestrated, 1911-13)
1886RecueillementUnfinished. (Destroyed).Voice & piano?
1892Danse lenteExtract from Roussalka. Copied by Ernest Ansermet. Preserved by yditions Salabert.Orchestral work
1903Transcription of two works for organ by J.S. Bach:
Prlude and fugue in E minor ("Cathedral"), BWV 513
Prlude and fugue in A minor ("The Great"), BWV 543Two pianos
1908Transcription of six organ works by Csar FranckTwo pianos
1910Aux toiles, pour pianoAlso: version for piano four hands, & version for organ. Revised 1911.Piano solo
1911Aux toilesEntr'acte for an unpublished drama.Orchestral work
(n.d.)Transcription of a work for organ by J.S. Bach:
Chorale Prlude and Fugue: In dir ist Freude, BWV 615Private collection of Ernest AnsermetTwo pianos

Writings by Henri Duparc (in French)
Csar Franck pendant le Sige de Paris, in « Revue musicale », Paris, December 1922.
Souvenirs de la Socit Nationale, in « Revue de la Socit internationale de Musique », Paris, December 1912.
Letters (in French)
Lettre Chausson, in « Revue musicale », December 1925.
Duparc Henri : Une Amiti mystique, d'aprs ses lettres Francis Jammes. (Preface and comments by G. Ferchault). Mercure de France, Paris, 1944.
Grard, Y. (Ed.). Lettres de Henri Duparc Ernest Chausson, in « Revue de Musicologie » (N` 38) 1956, p. 125.
Srieyx, M.-L. (Ed.). Vincent dIndy, Henri Duparc, Albert Roussel : lettres Auguste Srieyx. Lausanne, 1961.
Monographs on Duparc (in French)
Northcote, S. The Songs of Henri Duparc. London: D. Dobson, 1949. 124 pp.
Von der Elst, N. Henri Duparc : lhomme et son oeuvre. (Thesis). Paris: Universit de Paris, 1972, & Utrecht, 1972.
Fabre, M. L'image de Henri Duparc dans sa correspondence avec Jean Cras. 1973.
Other articles and writings about Duparc (in French)
Fellot, H. Lieder franais : Henri Duparc, in « Revue Musicale de Lyon ». Lyon, March 30, 1904.
Chantavoine, J. Henri Duparc, in « La Revue Hebdomadaire », Paris, May 5, 1906.
Aubry, G.-J. Henri Duparc, in « La vie musicale de Lausanne », Lausanne, February 1, 1908.
Jammes, Francis. L'Amour, les Muses et la Chasse, in « Mercure de France », Paris, 1922, p. 172 et al.
Faur, Gabriel. Opinions musicales. Paris: Rieder, 1930.
Imbert, M. Henri Duparc, in « La Petite Matrise », Schola Cantorum de Pars, March 1933.
Ansermet, Ernest. Un mouvant tmoignage sur la destine d'Henri Duparc, in « Revue Musicale », Paris, April 1933.
Brville, P. Henri Fouques Duparc 1848-1933, in « La Musique Franaise », Paris, May 1933.
Merle, F. Psychologie et Pathologie d'un artiste: Henri Duparc. Bordeaux: Imprimerie de l'Universit (Bordeaux), 1933.
Oulmont, C. Henri Duparc, ou de L'Invitation au Voyage la Vie ternelle. Paris: Descle de Brouwer & Cie, 1935.
Oulmont, C. Un Duparc inconnu, in « Revue musicale », Paris, July-August 1935.
Stricker, R. Henri Duparc et ses mlodies. (Thesis). Paris: Conservatoire national de musique, 1961.
Rigault, J.-L. Les mlodies de Duparc, Autour de la mlodie franaise. Rouen, 1987, p. 71-86.
Stricker, R. Les mlodies de Duparc. Arles, 1996. Read more on Last.fm. User-contributed text is available under the Creative Commons By-SA License; additional terms may apply.
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Music / Album VA - Duparc: Mélodies - L'invitation au voyage (2020) [FLAC (tracks + .cue)] VA - Duparc: Mélodies - L'invitation au voyage (2020) [FLAC (tracks + .cue)] 298.76
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